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Expert Articles

Read more from reptile experts we know or others we've found while scouring the web. From animal husbandry tips, to species-specific information, to reptile tips for beginners, we want to be sure and provide information that helps you have a happy and healthy pet! 

And if there's anything you would like to read more about, please contact us with your suggestions!


Reptiles Magazine

  • Five Key Elements of Reptile NutritionFrom turtles and tortoises to iguanas and lizards, a complete and balanced diet is critical for the health and longevity of reptiles. Complete means all nutrients required for the species’ age and lifestyle are included, and balanced means all nutrients are available in the correct amount and proportions.
  • Dragon Snake Care and Information - The Dragon Snake is a small and unique species renowned for its unusual but fascinating appearance. This reptile sometimes exhibits a particularly interesting behavior when handled: it will stiffen its entire body, as if it were frozen. Learn more including sexing, humidity needs, feeding and appropriate enclosures for this species.
  • Painted Turtle Care Sheet - Painted Turtles are one of the most attractive varieties of pond turtle native to North America. Their range extends from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic coast and from Canada to northern Mexico, making them one of the most widespread species, as well. Inhabiting practically any slow-moving or still body of freshwater within their range makes painted turtles one of the most commonly encountered turtles, and their vivid coloration makes them one of the most recognizable.
  • How to Choose and Care for a Corn Snake - This article covers the basics of corn snake care. This information is based on author’s more than three decades of personal experience keeping and breeding corn snakes in his homer, and as his herpetocultural enterprise.  
  • World's Smallest Chameleon Discovered In Madagascar - Researchers in Madagascar have discovered and described a new species of Brookesia Chameleon that is smaller than the previous known smallest species. The tiny reptile was found in the Sorata massif forest area on Madagascar, which was designated a protected area in 2015.
  • Sidewinder Belly Skin Different Than Non-Sidewinding Snakes - U.S. researchers wanted to know what makes Sidewinder Snakes move the way they do, so they took a microscopic look at the shed skin of three species to find out.
  • New Indian Bent-toed Gecko Species Discovered And Described - Researchers in India have discovered a new species of Bent-toed Gecko from the Indian province of Arunachal Pradesh. The reptile is brown in coloration with a blotched pattern from the base of its tail up to its nape. 
  • New Species Of Odd-scaled Snake Discovered In Vietnam - Researchers from the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History discovered and described a new species of burrowing snake from Vietnam’s Ha Giang province. The snake is from a genus of snakes called Achalinus, or odd-scaled snakes. These reptiles are known for their keeled, or ridged scales.

ReptiFiles and Expert Collaborations

  • How to Provide Enrichment for Lizards (video and article ) - Learn more about the importance of making captivity a rewarding and worthwhile experience for our pet reptiles.
  • How to Quarantine Reptiles (video and article) - Do you have more than one reptile pet? One of the most overlooked issues in multiple-reptile households is how to quarantine them.
  • Does Loose Substrate Cause Impaction? (video and article) - Impaction — also known as a blockage of the gastrointestinal tract in reptiles — is often attributed to the use of loose substrates such as sand. Learn more about the subject of impaction and why reptiles need loose substrate.
  • 7 Things Every New Reptile Keeper Should Know - Constant learning is an important part of owning a reptile. For new owners there are 7 tips they need to know in the beginning. Topics include temperature gradients, UVB lighting, and enclosure requirements.
  • Live Plants vs Fake Plants — Which is Better for Your Reptile? 

    The issue of live plants vs fake plants for reptiles prevents many owners from going bioactive. Learn about which is better, if live plants are needed for bioactive substrates, and more. 

Spruce Pets

  • What Foods Do Reptiles Eat? - Reptiles are surprisingly cute and fun to care for. Making sure your pet has the right food to eat is just as important as watching your own diet. Learn more about the proper diet for your pet.
  • How to Determine a Snake's Sex - Sometimes snake owners want to know how to sex their snake. The problem is that it's not as simple to find out if a snake is male or female as it is in many other animals. On the outside, male and female snakes look similar. However, with a bit of experience, there are ways to differentiate between the two.
  • What Should I Feed My Red-eared Slider? - Red-eared sliders need a diet that is a mixture of both animal and plant materials. Young Red-eared sliders eat more animal protein, so babies should start with a diet that's more on the carnivorous side.
  • Tail Loss in Geckos - Fortunately, gecko tail loss is a natural phenomenon, and your pet should come through it just fine. While its tail is growing back, however, there are a few things you can do to ensure it does so healthily.
  • 8 Bedding Solutions for Your Pet Snake - There are several different types of substrate you can use for your snake in its enclosure. Consider the pros and cons of each and choose the best type for your pet's needs.
  • Bearded Dragon Behavior Recognizing what behavior your beardie is exhibiting and why it is showing this kind of behavior is important to truly understand your pet. It is also helpful to know what behaviors are normal and which ones are signs of stress or illness.
  • A Guide to Caring for Your Pet Chameleon - Chameleons are amazing creatures, but they aren't the best reptiles for everyone. Since their care requirements are quite specific and they are easily stressed, chameleons are not for the beginner herpetologist.
  • Do Ball Pythons Make Good Pets? - The Ball Python is a good snake for a beginning snake owner. They typically are not as large as many of the other constricting snakes that are kept as pets, are quite docile, and are easy to handle.
  • Eye Issues in Leopard Geckos - Leopard Geckos have large, round eyes that make them very cute, curious-looking pets. Unfortunately, they frequently suffer from eye ailments, most of which are due either to poor husbandry or environmental factors.
  • How to Stop Your Beardie from Glass Surfing- Bearded Dragons are popular pet lizards with some unique behaviors but not all of these behaviors indicate that a bearded dragon is happy. Glass surfing is one such behavior that may appear to be cute but is actually an indication that something is wrong and should be addressed.
  • Choosing a Leopard Gecko Substrate - Choosing a substrate for your Leopard Gecko can be one of the more confusing aspects of setting up an enclosure. There is much debate over which substrates are safe and best for the specific age and size of the Gecko. 

Pet MD

  • Lizard Venom Poisoning in Dogs - Gila Monsters and Mexican Beaded Lizards are normally docile and do not often attack but they do pose a threat to dogs. If they bite a dog, their venom could lead to serious medical issues.
  • Cryptosporidiosis Infection in Lizards Lizard owners need a lot of information to take care of their pets successfully. If you don’t know the latest about the potentially fatal disease called cryptosporidiosis or crypto, you may be putting your lizards at risk.
  • How to Tell If Your Lizard is Sick- Since lizards (and generally, all reptiles) have such slow metabolisms, when they get sick, they often do not show signs of illness until a disease has progressed, and sometimes not until it is too late to treat. Therefore, it is critical that reptile owners know what signs to look for to tell that their pet is ill before the animal is too far gone for veterinary therapy.
  • What to Do When Your Lizard Loses Its Tail - For the unsuspecting pet parent, having a lizard lose or drop its tail can be unnerving. However, the good news is that, like magic, most lizards can regrow their tails completely.
  • Metabolic Bone Disease in Reptiles - Metabolic Bone Disease is a significant concern for reptiles that primarily eat plants and/or insects.
  • How to Bathe Your Reptile - Reptiles, unlike mammals, can absorb water through their skin. So, to stay hydrated, they don’t have to drink but simply can bathe. Wild reptiles bathe themselves, but pet reptiles must be given proper tools to do this.


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